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HELP! Cannot find ActionForm in any scope

HELP! Cannot find ActionForm in any scope

HELP! Cannot find ActionForm in any scope

I am a newbie to struts.  My jsp is mostly displaying read-only data to the user.  I am populating this data from ActionForm attributes.  I don't understand why my display items have to be in an html:form with an action.  I do understand that if I have buttons or other input items that they must be in an html:form.  If I do not put the items in an html:form, then I get the error javax.servlet.jsp.JspException: Cannot find bean xxx in any scope.

Please help in my understanding of this issue.  Or is this some kind of setup issue?


RE: HELP! Cannot find ActionForm in any scope

This is because form bean is created at <html:form> tag.  Thus if you try to access the form bean before <html:form>, the form bean is not yet available.  If you really need to put the data in the form bean, then you can place the <html:form> tag at the very begining of the HTML code, e.g. right after <body> tag.   

Alternatively, you can put those non form field data into request attribute in the Action class (i.e. request.setAttribute("name", value)), and display them using the <bean:write name="name" property=""/>...

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