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Problem passing shell variable to awk

Problem passing shell variable to awk

Problem passing shell variable to awk

I am in the bash shell and have a file "data.txt" that includes names and data-points in rows, like this:




I want to write the data corresponding to each name in separate files. I can do this with grep, but I would like to know why this line does not work:

for i in bill frank; do awk -v name=$i '$0 ~ name' data.txt > data_${i}.txt; done

When I try this, I get an "unexpected newline or end of string" error directed at the end of '$0 ~ name'. I've tried everything I can think of but can't get it to work. Any ideas?

RE: Problem passing shell variable to awk


Works for me.

Both gawk and mawk creates 2 output files, data_bill.txt and data_frank.txt, each having only the 3 lines which contain the given name. No error message.


RE: Problem passing shell variable to awk

Hi feherke. I've got it working now too, and figured out the problem. Instead of using "name" as the awk variable (as in the example I posted), I had been using "sub" (as shorthand for "research subjects"). I didn't realize that "sub" is an awk function, which is what caused my problem. Would have taken a lot longer for me to figure this out without posting here and getting your feedback. Thanks!

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