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Select Directory?

Select Directory?

Select Directory?

I have a table (Directory) set up with these columns:

ID, Name, ParentID

Where the ParentID points to the ID of the Directory Name above it.

I can get the Parent Directory with Select Name from Directory where ID=(ParentID value).  What I want to do is create a select statement that will return all of the directories above the current one.  Is this possible?

RE: Select Directory?


Hopefully I can return the favour.  By the looks of things you are doing an inner join on the two tables, yet this query only returns values which are populated in the parent and child tables.  But you want it to return the values whether they are populated in both tables or not.  Am I correct?

If so try using outer joins instead of innner joins.  Try either right outer join or left outer join to get your desired result.

Hope this helps,


RE: Select Directory?

Thanks, but that's not quite what I'm trying to do...  Let me fill in this table a bit so you can see what I'm talking about (it's kind of hard to explain this otherwise....)

   ID           Name    ParentID
-----   -------------   --------
    1           World          0
    2          Europe          1
    3         England          2
    4          London          3
    5   North America          1
    6   United States          5
    7      California          6
    8     Los Angeles          7
    9      Sacramento          7
   10   San Francisco          7
   11         Florida          6
   12           Tampa         11

From this table, Los Angeles "belongs" to California, which "belongs" to United States, etc.

What I need is a query that will, if I have Los Angeles' ID, give me California, United States, North America, and World...

I can get the right result by doing queries until I hit the top (ParentID=0), but I'd rather do it in one query if possible...  Any ideas?

RE: Select Directory?

Dear Darkman,
I had similar requirement some time back. Just I modified it to suit your need. I am sorry it's not a single SQL stmt.

@Child_ID INT
CREATE TABLE #tmp_sort1
  pid       INT         NULL                
, sl_no INT IDENTITY(1, 1)

, @pid INT

SELECT @id = 7 -- Enter your child id number
WHILE ( 1 = 1)
SELECT @pid = @id

SELECT @id = pid
FROM directory  
WHERE id = @id


INSERT INTO #tmp_sort1 ( pid, id)
SELECT @pid, @id

SELECT T.pid, T.id, D.NAME
FROM #tmp_sort1 t
, directory d
ORDER BY sl_no desc

RE: Select Directory?

Excellent!  That's exactly what I was looking for.  Thanks :-)


RE: Select Directory?

You can't do them all easily, because you need to use recursion to traverse the tree.

you can do this, to return a set number (2 here) of parents.

select *
from Directory d1
 left join Directory d2
  left join Directory d3
  on d3.Id = d2.ParentId
 on d2.Id = d1.ParentId
where d1.ParentId IN NOT NULL
ORDER BY d1.Id, d2.Id, d3.Id

(I assume that records without parents have a NULL ParentId)

This returns a recordset that is not normalized, but has all the info you need.

d1.*, d2.*, d3.*

If d2 has a parent, d3.Id IS NOT NULL

If you're using ADO, You could also buils a stored procedure that traverses the tree and returns a recordset for each row, then use the NextRecordset (i think) method.

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