A Table is where the data is stored. Such as Names Tables contain Fields. First Name, Last Name, Address, City, St, Zip are examples of fields for a customer table. Always start with a table.
Next you can create a "Form" to key data into your table. You can key data directly in the table but a form offers more flexibility. You can automate some of the data entry using a form. You can add buttons to do a whole host of things like print reports and add new records.
You can then create a "Query". A query answers questions about your data. After you have Customers in your table and you want to find all of the Smiths. This is easily done with a query.
Next you want to print a Report of all the Smiths. use your query as a record source for your Report.
You could print from the Table or Query but a report lets you add things like Date printed and a Company logo and a lot more.
So those are the 4 main components in Access. Table = Where Raw data is stored. Form = A place to key in data and Open reports. Query = Ask questions about your data. Report = Create a paper document that is professional looking.