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Oracle: All versions FAQ

Foundation

2. Oracle 10g Installation (Sun Solaris) by Michael42
Posted: 17 Oct 06 (Edited 18 Oct 06)

Overview
The following steps will guide you through the installation of Oracle 10g Enterprise Database. The installation consists of the major phases listed below. All of the below phases are necessary to ensure that Oracle is installed correctly. If you were to skip one or do them out of order you will experience problems later. This is the shortcut for an Enterprise environment.

   1. Perform Oracle 10g Database main product installation.
   2. Create base oracle user shell.
   3. Perform installation of optional companion products (Java Console etc.).
   4. Perform installation of the latest major patch set.

*** Do not build a database until all of the above steps completed! ***

Phase I - Oracle 10g Database Main Product Installation

As a result of the pre-installation chapter you should already be logged in as the oracle user.
unix> cd /home/oracle/software/10.2/db

unix> ./runInstaller
Select Next after each entry.

   1. Welcome
      Advanced Installation

   2. Inventory Directory and Credentials
      Use default value.

   3. Installation Type
      Custom

   4. Specify Home Details
      Name: ora102home
      /home/oracle/product/10.2/db

   5. Available Product Components
      Disable:
      Oracle Advanced Security
      Oracle Spatial
      Oracle OLAP

   6. Product Specific Prerequisite Checks ...
      If Passed select next.
      If not make the indicated changes to your system and run installation again.

   7. Privileged Operating System Groups
      OSDBA: dba
      OSOPER: dba

   8. Create Database
      Install database software only

   9. Summary
      Review then select Install if OK.

  10. Execute Configuration Scripts (as root)
      Accept defaults - overwrite if prompted.
      (Takes a few minutes...)

      When complete select OK on window.

  11. End of Installation
      Select Exit

Phase II  - Create Base Oracle User UNIX Shell

Overview
The integrity of the latter phases of installation relies heavily on the UNIX shell you create in this phase. You need to create a robust shell. For now, it is a good idea to ensure that your UNIX oracle user shell at least consists of the values listed below. Consult with your UNIX system administrator as required for your environment.

Procedure

   1. cd $HOME
   2. vi .cshrc
      # .cshrc
      umask 022
      setenv ORACLE_BASE /home/oracle
      setenv ORACLE_HOME $ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2/db
      setenv LD_LIBRARY_PATH $ORACLE_HOME/lib
      setenv PATH $ORACLE_HOME/bin/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/dt/bin:/usr/openwin/bin:/usr/ucb:/usr/local/bin:/bin

Phase III - Install Optional Software

Overview - Client CD (Java Console)

In Oracle 10g the web based Enterprise Manager (EM) is the recommended tool for managing your Oracle database. You should absolutely use EM as the primary method for managing your database. However, in the event that EM is not available, then the Java Console is a tried and true tool and a good investment to have. Basically it is the same interface used by the Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM) in Oracle 9i. The Java Console will make managing your database consistently simple and successful. Other than that, you should only install other features if there is a business requirement for them.

Procedure
From your /home/oracle/software/10.2/client directory run ./runInstaller and complete the prompts as show below.

   1. Installation Type
      Custom
   2. Destination
      Name: ora102home
      Path: /home/oracle/product/10.2/db
   3. Available Products
      Enterprise Manager 10g Java Console
   4. Product-Specific Checks
      If passed pressed Next otherwise make the indicated changes.
   5. Summary
      Review then select Install.
   6. End of Installation
      Exit

Phase IV - Installation of the Latest Major Patch Set

Overview
It is important to install the latest Oracle Major patch set as this will ensure optimum reliability and security.

Procedure

   1. Download and unzip the latest patch set into your /home/oracle/software/patches directory. The file should be titled similar to p4547817_10202_SOLARIS64.zip

   2. Stop all active services.
      $ORACLE_HOME/bin/lsnrctl stop
      $ORACLE_HOME/bin/isqlplusctl stop

   3. Change to the directory with your patch set files and run the installer (./runInstaller). Following the prompts indicated below.
          * Welcome
            Next

          * Specify Home Details
            Name: ora102home
            Path: /home/oracle/product/10.2/db

          * Summary
            Select Install
            (Process runs - takes approximately 10 minutes on a SunBlade 1500.)

          * Execute Configuration Scripts (as root)
            Accept defaults - overwrite if prompted.
            (Takes a few minutes...)

          * When complete select OK on window.

          * End of Installation
            Exit

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