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Microsoft SQL Server: Programming FAQ

T-SQL Hints and Tips

How Do I Get a Row Number On Each Row of a Query Result Set? by tlbroadbent
Posted: 12 Jan 03

It is often desirable to have a row number on each row of a query result set. Unfortunately, T-SQL doesn't provide RowNum like you will find in Oracle. Here are a couple of methods for adding a row number column.

For small tables use a sub-query to count the rows up to and including the current row. An assumption is made that there is a primary key or unique index on the table.

--Assume the primary key is a composite of Col1 and Col2.
 RowNum=(Select Count(*) From TableName
         Where Col1<=t1.Col1 And Col2 <=t1.Col2)
 Col1, Col2, Col3, Col4
From TableName t1
Order By Col1, Col2

For larger tables it is usually faster to insert the rows selected into a temp table with an identity column, and then select from the temp table.

Create table #temp
 (Col1 varchar(10),
  Col2 varchar(10),
  Col3 Int,
  Col4 Decimal(12,2),
  RowNum Int Identity)

Insert #temp(Col1, Col2, Col3, Col4)
Select Col1, Col2, Col3, Col4 From TableName
Order By Col1, Col2

Select RowNum, Col1, Col2, Col3, Col4
From #temp
Order By RowNum

Neither of these methods is very efficient but will provide a row number when needed. If you have another method that you prefer to use, please let me know. Any other comments or recommendations are welcome.

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