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Duplicate Records

Duplicate Records

I have a form that is being filled out.  I need to prevent duplicate entries (a duplicate is defined as ALL field values from one record match ALL the field values on any other record).

Now, I've used Dcount quite a bit, but I'm having a little problem here.  I can get no value for Dcount except zero.


    If DCount("[txtMultiplier_ID]", "tblMultiplier", "[Manufacturer] = """ & Nz(Me.cboManuf) & """ AND [PartType] = """ & Nz(Me.cboPartType) & """ AND [DiscountCode] = """ & _
        Nz(Me.cboDiscount) & """ AND [VolDiscount-Low] = " & Nz(Me.txtVolLow) & " AND [VolDiscount-High] = " & Nz(Me.txtVolHigh) & " AND [Multiplier_ID] <> " & _
            Nz(Me.txtMultiplier_ID)) > 0 Then
        Cancel = True
        If MsgBox("This would create duplicate conditions.  Press 'OK' to return and complete form.  Press 'Cancel' to undo changes.", vbOKCancel, "Please Complete Entry") = vbCancel Then
        End If
        Exit Sub

    End If

In some cases, some records under review will have blank fields.  After some troubleshooting, it appears that blank fields (such as [DiscountCode]) are considered Null, which, I think, messes with the Dcount function.  I have used Nz to make sure the form's text boxes are not null, but I don't think I can prevent it on the Field side of things.  

Am I correct about Null, or is there something else going on? I only get 0 for an answer when I know there is at least 1 matching record.


RE: Duplicate Records

What about this ?


If DCount("txtMultiplier_ID", "tblMultiplier", "Nz(Manufacturer)='" & Nz(Me!cboManuf) & _
    "' AND Nz(PartType)='" & Nz(Me!cboPartType) & _
    "' AND Nz(DiscountCode)='" & Nz(Me!cboDiscount) & _
    "' AND Nz([VolDiscount-Low])=" & Nz(Me!txtVolLow) & _
    " AND Nz([VolDiscount-High])=" & Nz(Me!txtVolHigh) & _
    " AND Nz(Multiplier_ID)<>" & Nz(Me!txtMultiplier_ID)) > 0 Then

Hope This Helps, PH.
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RE: Duplicate Records

Excellent!  I previously attempted to do this, but I must have gotten the syntax wrong.  Works perfectly!

The only thing I did differently was to use two "" in place of ', which prevent apostrophe's in my values from confusing the whole string.  (at least, that's what Allen Browne says).

Thanks so much!

RE: Duplicate Records

Spoke too early.....

The solution worked on a couple of examples, but later gave 'Syntax' errors.  I'm confident it still had to do with missing info in text/combo boxes, so I got around it by building the filter as a variable (like Allen Browne does)...


    DupMult = "Nz(Manufacturer)= """ & Nz(Me!cboManuf) & """" 'setting up Dcount Filter based on non-empty fields
    If Nz(Me.cboPartType) <> Empty Then DupMult = DupMult & " AND Nz(PartType)=""" & Nz(Me!cboPartType) & """"
    If Nz(Me.cboDiscount) <> Empty Then DupMult = DupMult & " AND Nz(DiscountCode)=""" & Nz(Me!cboDiscount) & """"
    If Nz([VolDiscount-Low]) <> Empty Then DupMult = DupMult & " AND Nz([VolDiscount-Low])=" & Nz(Me!txtVolLow)
    If Nz([VolDiscount-High]) <> Empty Then DupMult = DupMult & " AND Nz([VolDiscount-High])=" & Nz(Me!txtVolHigh)
    DupMult = DupMult & " AND Nz(Multiplier_ID)<> " & Nz(Me!txtMultiplier_ID)

    If DCount("txtMultiplier_ID", "tblMultiplier", DupMult) > 0 Then
        Cancel = True
        If MsgBox("This would create duplicate conditions.  Press 'OK' to return and complete form.  Press 'Cancel' to undo changes.", vbOKCancel, "Please Complete Entry") = vbCancel Then
        End If
        Exit Sub
    End If

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